is located in the Eastern part of Africa, bordering with
Eritrea in the North, Djibouti and Somalia in the East,
Sudan in the west and Kenya and Somalia in the South. It
covers a total land area of about 1.2 million km2. Presently,
according to the central statistical authority, the population
of Ethiopia is estimated to be 63.5 billion, 85% of which
live in rural areas. The country is one of the oldest nations
in Africa and is distinguished for its long history and
varied cultural heritages.
it is a fresh memory that in spite of the remarkable glorious
historical and cultural heritage of the country the decades
proceeding 1991 were periods of relentless suppression and
subjugation for the Ethiopians.
internal conflict, drought and short sighted economic policies
of the past dictatorial regimes deepened the socio-economic
crisis of the country.
the defeat of the military regime in 1991 by the EPRDF forces,
Ethiopia entered a new chapter in its history.
of nation, nationalities and people to self determination
to the extent of secession have been recognized and decentralization
of decision-making has become a reality. With the promulgation
of the new constitution, Ethiopia has now become a Federal
the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia has 11 administrative
units out of which 9 are regional national states. These
regional national states enjoy a constitutional right of
self government with legislative, executive and judicial
reversal of the situation has brought a new era –
an era that unshared in, inter alias, a new life, a new
insight and initiative of social development, which called
for prompt national rehabilitation and reconstruction.