Oromia national regional state is one of the regional states
of the federal democratic republic of Ethiopia.
the largest region and sharing border with any regional
state found in Ethiopia except Tigray, the Oromia regional
state covers 366,000 km square, accounting for 31.17% of
the total area of Ethiopia. It is an expanse of virgin land
famous for its immense agricultural potential, water and,
mineral resources and abundant scenic beauties. Presently
there are about 22 million people in the region. The majorities
are living in rural areas.
the region is divided into 14 Zones and 192 Woredas. It
is an accepted fact hat development generally means an improvement
and overhauling of the whole economic, social and political
system of a country.
its resources (actualized and potential) Oromia suffers
from inadequate access to health care, inadequate water
supply, scanty physical infrastructure, few schools and
shortage of skilled man power.
for this reality to be materialized, in fact there are necessary
pre-requisites some of which are interaction of a wide range
of social, economic and political institutions; application
of modern technologies to natural resources; and transformation
of individual attitudes towards self, national, society
and environment. Much to the chagrin of the hard working
Oromo people none-of the consecutive regimes, which ruled
the region in the past, came with development plans aimed
at improving the lives of the people. They rather came with
the policy of subjugation that the majorities were left
leading the wrenched existence. Many research findings attest
that the cause the currently prevailing socio-economic chaos
in the region are the following.
backward agricultural practices
2. The flagrant mal administration, wars and civil strives
in previous regimes
3. Plant and Animal pests
4. Environmental degradation
5. Cyclical drought
6. Other socio-economic problems
is no blinking the fact ordinary social services have for
a long time been a chimera for millions of people in Oromia.
But how and who should solve these riddles?
the magnitude of the problem the regional government has
long started making indefatigable efforts to change this
situation for the better. But when compared to the intricate
maze of the development problems in the region, the efforts
made by the government can not be expected to bring sustainable
and lasting socio-economic improvements in a relatively
reasonable span of time.
of many countries show that neither the government budget
nor external aid alone can do any miracle in transforming
the lives of the poor. Rather, the decisive factor in development
endeavors is the coming together of people determined to
solve their problems by mobilizing their own expertise,
finance and material resources.