Introduction

In the year 2002 the coverage of basic social services such as education, health, and water supply, as well as their quality was far below the standards set by the regional government of Oromia.

To curb the major problems in the region, Oromia Development Association being one of the strategic development partner of the government established partnership with A-Glimmer of Hope Foundation.

In the years (2002 and 2005) ODA had worked in partnership with A-Glimmer of Hope Foundation, it bear fruits and the relationship has benefited the rural poor. In these four years, ODA managed to build 27 standard elementary schools, 31 health posts, and 4 veterinary clinics, 4 deep water wells with 3 water distribution systems and 600 hand-dug wells. In addition ODA has facilitated the distribution of emergency food aid donated by A Glimmer of Hope to 80000 compatriots during the 2004/5 drought years.

On the other hand interventions made on basic services such as water, education, health and agriculture during (2002-2005) have benefited 528,688 needy rural people who would otherwise been constrained to a great extent by absence of these basic social needs. During this period ODA has passed through different learning processes, successes and challenges. These experiences are useful for ODA and the partner organization.

This report presents the salient features of Project implementation strategies, major activities, achievements and budget utilization challenges and lessons learnt by sectors during the years (2002—2005).

PROJECT OBJECTIVES

The general objective of the projects was to improve access and quality of basic social services in Oromia region

Specific Objectives
 To create access to universal education for 15,196 school age children in targeted 27 villages 2005
 To improve the teaching and learning condition of one senior secondary school by furnishing with chairs and desks by end of 2004
 To create primary health care access to 162,549 rural populations (especially mothers and children) living in 31 villages by 2004
 To improve the health condition of animals found in 4 villages of Oromia by Water supply
 To create access to potable water for 215,943 rural population in 6 zones and 19 woredas by 2005

pROJECT tARGET GROUPS

The target groups of these programs during the year 2002-2005 were rural people living in 14 selected zones and 56 districts/woredas across the region with particular emphasis on rural women (in health & water), children (in health, education & water) and the new settlers in Wallaga (education and health) and additionally drought stricken areas on emergency basis.

iMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES

The project sites and the needy communities were identified, initially by reviewing secondary data from regional coverage statistics of education, health and water sectors. The initial assessment was followed by series of discussions with regional, zonal and warada sector bureau offices to align project objectives with their plans.

Accordingly, areas that couldn’t be covered by government program were considered by ODA after the commitments of the line offices were obtained and their roles identified during implementation and beyond to ensure sustaining the intended project objectives.

With the solicited commitment of the government, the Association conducted further discussions with the community to identify and prioritize issues and to determine and agree up on their roles and responsibilities.

So the inception of program/project planning, as a matter of procedure, begins with the identification of the neediest community started with the analysis of regional coverage statistics of the given sectors (education, health or water). This initial assessment was followed by discussion with the communities to identify their priorities and determine and agree upon the role they have to play. This is the established procedure by which the program/project proposal formulated and submitted to A Glimmer of Hope to solicit fund.

Once ODA secured funds, agreements were signed with the regional bureaus (education, health), so that the government would be responsible to take over and run the constructed facilities (schools or clinics) by assigning the necessary personnel and budget to ensure the provision of improved services to the target communities.

rOLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF STAKEHOLDERS

1. ODA
 Community mobilization (sensitizing and organizing the community) to enable them engage actively in the planning, implementation and monitoring and evaluation. This enabled to explore and tap the community potential in cost sharing, decision making and project ownership
 Preparing specifications, floating bids, selecting contractors and awarding works in collaboration with partner government line offices,
 Monitoring and supervising the construction works in order to ensure the desired and agreed upon standards and qualities are met; and completion of projects in time as per the agreement;
 Undertake the necessary software activities, such as procurement of services that guarantee sustainability of the project.
 Hand over the completed project to either community or responsible government line office for sustainable provision of the required services.
 Submission of reports to donor and appropriate government offices on the work accomplished and results/impacts obtained.

2.COMMUNITY
 Fully be engaged in the process of planning, monitoring and evaluation
 Handle local purchases
 Mobilize the resources needed from the community such as labor, material and finance
 Take over and manage the project after completion

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